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Arabian Preservation Breeding
This month's article is a continuation of the listing and description of most of the preservation groups on record as of this time. There may be several other smaller groups in existence that are associated with the ones listed in this article.
Abbas Pasha/Ali Pasha Sherif Horses are those that came from the Abbas Pasha and/or the Ali Pasha Sherif studs in Egypt. They are also included in the Al Khamsa Preservation Group but some breeders focus solely on breeding these blood lines.
Doyle preservation breeding focuses on horses that trace to the Doyle foundation horses Gulida, Ghadaf, and Nusi. These horses are 100% Crabbet/Blunt, 100% Al Khamsa, 95%+ Egyptian, but are NOT "Straight Egyptian".
Veragua/ Spanish breeders focus on the blood lines of horses owned by the Duke of Veragua in Spain, specifically the horses accepted as Purebred Arabian even though they could not be identified after the papers were destroyed during the Spanish Civil War.
North American Desert Source refers to Horses imported to the US/Canada that were bred and foaled/born in the desert (Arabia, Syria, etc.) Does not include horses from desert bred parents that were bred in another country. This category would include both the Davenport and Babson imports.
Heirloom Arabians- In 1993 Col. John Fippen and Joan Schleicher introduced the Heirloom Arabian Stud Book. Their goal was to let history alone reveal the identity of what today is our "old Egyptian" blood. They concluded that there were clear historical parameters that divided modern Arabian breeding in Egypt into two eras, with the earlier one ending in 1914. Using the first authorized studbook published by the Egyptian government, History of the R.A.S. Stud of Authentic Arabian Horses (Cairo, 1948), Fippen and Schleicher felt they found a valid basis for building the Heirloom taproot system. It was based upon the observation that the sections entitled "Root Mares" and Root Stallions" clearly distinguished that group of horses from the remaining chapters describing horses bred by the R.A.S. Thus, the stock designated by the R.A.S. as its own "roots" proved to be a sensible reference point for generating a comprehensive list of extant bloodlines from the earliest era of Egyptian breeding. Thus, the Heirloom horse can be broadly defined as "pre-RAS" & Sheykh Obeyd.
The Pyramid Society is dedicated to breeding Egyptian Arabian Horses and was founded in 1969. Their web site can be found at http://www.pyramidsociety.org/. They hold an annual show at the Kentucky Horse Park in Lexington, Ky. called "The Egyptian Event" which is a worldwide venue for Egyptian Arabian Horses. To qualify as straight Egyptian by this group a horse must trace in every line of it's pedigree to horses born in Arabian Desert and trace in every line of it's pedigree to a horse which falls within one or more of the following categories: : (a) owned or bred by Abbas Pasha I or Ali Pasha Sherif: (b) used to create and maintain the Royal Agricultural Society (RAS)/Egyptian Agricultural Organization (EAO) breeding programs, with the exclusion of Registan and Sharkasi and their lineal descendants (c) a horse which was a lineal ancestor of a horse described in (a) or (b) above; and (d) other than those excluded above, a horse conceived and born in a private stud program in Egypt and imported directly to the United States and registered by the Arabian Horse Registry of America prior to the extension of the EAO's supervision to private Egyptian stud programs as reflected in Volume 4 of the EAO's stud book
Babson Preservation Breeders - In the US, the efforts and successes of importer/breeder Henry Babson are evidenced by the strong Babson bloodline influence continuing strong more than 70 years after the importation of two stallions and five mares. These horses were: *Fadl, a 1930 grey stallion; his full sister *Maaroufa, a 1931 grey mare; *Bint Serra I, a 1923 bay mare; *Bint Bint Sabbah, a 1930 bay mare; *Bint Bint Durra, a 1930 Chestnut mare; and *Bint Saada, a 1930 chestnut mare. One colt died shortly after importation in 1932.
Kellogg refers to any horse that was owned by or bred by W.K. Kellogg and does not include horses bred after the Kellogg Ranch was turned over to the US Remount. Kellogg bloodlines include many horses from the Crabbet, Davenport, Harris, Babson, and Traveler's Rest breeding programs. Horses of Kellogg breeding are included in the CMK group.
Dickenson's Traveler's Rest Stud Farm- This is a focus of some preservation breeders but not an organized group as of this time though many of the horses are also included in the CMK definition. The original Arabs purchased for Travelers Rest were secured from Maynesboro Stud of W.R. Brown. Mr. Dickinson purchased almost the complete importation that Mr. Brown made from the desert, including Nasr, the white Arabian stallion, and the famous Hamida mare together with Aziza. Other breeding stock added to Travelers Rest in the early years consisted of Bazleyd, the national champion Arabian stallion known as the "peerless show horse", and Gulastra and Kolastra, his son, all of which were bred by W.R. Brown's Maynesboro stud. In addition to the above stallions, Mr. Dickenson secured two very famous grey Arabian mares, Guemura and Gulnare, both bred at Col. Spencer Borden's Interlachen Farm (Borden later changed to breeding dairy cattle and the rest is history!). One of the most well known stallions owned by Travelers Rest was Antez who became a very famous racing Arabian and was exported to Poland when he was 15 years old. There he raced successfully for five years before being returned to the United States just before World War II.Dickenson later imported several horses directly from Poland. A reprinted catalog of "Traveler's Rest Arabian Horses" can be obtained from The Arabian Horse Owners Foundation by calling (520)760-0682 or (800)892-0682. Request a catalog of ALL the books and videos they have available for sale! They are a valuable reference for researching your bloodlines and they need your support to continue their goal of educating Arabian Horse owners. Their website is http://www.arabianhorseowners.org
Early American Foundation (Vol.V) Horses that were registered in the Arabian Horse Club Registry of America stud book volume V. Includes registrations 1 thru 2924, roughly thru the year 1944. These horses are designated "Early American Foundation" by the AFAHA and are also included in the CMK group.
"Colonial" refers to an Australian designation for early Australian bloodlines, including some Crabbet imports. The Ravlon horses and offspring fit into this group as well as a few other recent imports to the US from Australia.
There are some preservation breeders that only focus on one particular horse and try to get as much line breeding in their pedigrees as possible but primarily in the top sire line due to only the sire being able to pass on the "Y" chromosome which carries other genes/traits that may otherwise be lost. Some of the horses that are the focus of this type of preservation breeding are El Emir, Mesaoud, Witez II, Ghazala, Image, Raffles, Skowronek, Nazeer, Moniet El Nefous, Nasik & Farana. These horses were chosen for this type of breeding program because it was believed that they each had specific individual traits and talents that were being lost in the Arabian breed.
Well, now that we have gone over most of the preservation groups and focuses of preservation breeding it's time to figure out just where your horse fits in and how you can determine this.