im Wald Farm Geauga County, Northeast
Ohio since 1995
Articles of History:
Excerpted from THE
by Vere D. Hunt, Esq.., London, 1859
The Khamsat Vol 8, Num
1, Feb. 1991
...the good points which on the other hand are to
be looked for, are those considered desirable in all horses that are subject
to shocks, i.e. 'concussion of the gallop.' Calf knees are generally bad
in the race-horse, and are very apt to be transmitted, whilst the opposite
form is also perpetuated, but is not nearly so disadvantageous. Such are
the general considerations bearing on the soundness limb. That of the 'wind'
is no less important. 'Broken-winded' mares seldom breed, and they are therefore
out of the question, if for no other reason; but no one would risk the recurrence
of this disease, even if he could get such a mare stinted. 'Roaring' is
a much vexed question, which is by no means theoretically settled among
our chief veterinary authorities, nor practically by our breeders; every
year however it becomes more and more frequent and important a marked evidence
of degeneracy in our horses, and the risk of reproduction is too great to
run by breeding from a 'roarer.'"
Lastly, the temper is of the utmost importance, by
which must be understood not that gentleness at grass, which may lead the
breeder's family to pet the mare, but such a temper as will serve for the
purposes of her rider, and will answer to the stimulus of the voice, whip,
or spur. A craven or rogue is not to be thought of as the "mother of
Blood is so much a matter of taste, that I say nothing
of its choice, nor will I quote the able opinions of others in reference
to it in brood mares; but if the breeders of general horses agree with the
indisputable theory that teaches purity of blood in a parent has a preponderating
influence in transmitting the qualities of the parent to progeny, and that
the male exercises a greater influence than the female in a similar capacity,
then I say nothing short of an ignorant bigotry can condemn the introduction
of Arab sires.
I extract the following letter from the "Field," January 8th, 1859:
- THE ARAB
Those of your correspondents who despise Arabs cannot know much about
the animal they condemn. One says the Arab is 'devoid of excellence
for the turf, being neither swift nor enduring.' Another complains
of 'having to shoot two Arabs for broken wind, the brutes in question
having been bred, the one in France and the other in Germany!" Another
writer pictures the misery of a luckless wight doomed to ride an 'Arab
ten miles to cover, hunt him all day, and conclude with a trot home
twenty-five miles,' -- a weary pilgrimage, in which the pretty Arab
would break his own knees and his master's heart;' whilst' the English
hunter in a like predicament would trot and walk along with his head
in the air and gay to the stable door.' In such a plight, rather
than encounter such a heartrending amount of knee-smashing, I would
suggest a deviation from her Majesty's highway, and finish off with
the larking process of arrival at the stable door and see next morning
which horse showed the cleanest manger and the coolest legs, the English
hunter or the Arab jade!
would take up too much time to answer the anti-Arabites in detail but
perhaps you will accept my humble effort to disabuse the minds of the
uninitiated as to what is meant by the term Arab, where the genuine
article is to be found, and how to be procured.
"Ali Bey, describes six different breeds
of Arabians. The first, named the 'Dgelfe,' is found in Arabia
Felix. They are rare at Damascus, but pretty common in the neighborhood
of Anaze. They are remarkable for speed and fire, yet mild as lambs;
they support hunger and thirst for a long time; are of lofty stature,
narrow in the chest, but deep in the girth, and long ears. a colt
of this breed, at two years old, will cost in its own country 2000
"The second breed, called 'Seclaoni,'
comes from the eastern part of the desert, resembles the 'Anaze'
in appearance, but is not quite so highly valued.
"Next comes the 'Mefki,' handsome,
though not so swift as the two former breeds, and more resembling
the Andalusian in figure. they are very common about Damascus.
"Then the 'Savi' resembles the
Mefki; and the fifth breed, called Fridi, is very common,
but it is necessary to try them well, for they are often vicious,
and do not possess the excellent qualities of the other breeds.
"Sixth comes the 'Nejdi,' from the
neighbourhood of Bussorah, and if they do not surpass, they at least
equal the 'Dgelfe, or Anaze, and Seclaoni.'
Horses of this breed are little known at Damascus, and connoisseurs
assert that they are incomparable; thus their value is arbitrary,
and always exceeds 2000 piastres.
"It is from the Anaze and the Nejdi,
that the turf in India is chiefly supplied; and I doubt if '______'
has ever seen a specimen of either of those breeds, although
his Turkish experience may have met with some of the inferior
sorts, which of course are not of a stamp to find favor in a
"If it be true that some English stallions
have gone into Arabia, I cannot conceive a greater misfortune to
befall the desert. Judging from the fruits of English crossing in
the government studs in India, I should expect nothing but mischief
to follow any similar attempts in Arabia.
"I have elsewhere asserted my belief that
'Arabs' are, in proportion, naturally the largest limbed blood horses
in creation; and looking at the 'tobacco-pipe' sort of legs now
cultivated in England, I wonder what desert blood would gain by
"I have seen Arabs of such stature as to
raise suspicions of their purity. I once possessed a colt myself
that stood fifteen hands and an inch at three years old. He had
the stereotyped assortment of eastern breeding; could stick his
nose in a tumbler, and looked the gentleman all over; remarkably
muscular, and as stately in his bearing as an autocrat; but his
clean, flat, wiry legs, measuring eight inches round the shank below
the knee, had nothing English in their composition. This was a pure
Anaze Arab. His career of usefulness as a hunter or racer was cut
short by his casting himself in his stall and dislocating his hip;
but the Government gave me 150 Lb. for him on his three legs for