Arabian Preservation Breeding
Through out the Arabian Horse's History in the United States there have been some very influential breeders who were more commonly know for other endeavors by the non horse owning public. The following article will discuss a few of those breeders and list some of their better known horses to help you discover if those horses are in your horse's blood lines.
Homer Davenport was a famous political cartoonist who
at the age of 39 went to the Arabian Desert to import his original Arabian
horses. In 1906 he imported 27 Arabian horses with political assistance
from the United States President, Theodore Roosevelt. The most well known
of the stallions are Deyr #33, Haleb #25, Hamrah #28 (imported in utero),
Muson #27, El Bulad #29. The most well known mare of this importation was
Wadduda #30 who brought many legends of her fame in Arabia along with her
own personal male servant, Said Abdallah. The legends of Wadduda can be
found at http://www.wadduda.com
Spencer Borden was most well know as the founder of the "Borden's Milk Company" and many of us grew up knowing "Elsie" the cow. Few of us knew of his first love, breeding horses. He became the second largest breeder of "Americo-Arabs". These were a cross of pure Arabs on his unrelated American bloodline horses, primarily trotters. He imported 12 horses from Crabbet Park England. Borden boycotted the Arabian Horse Club of America registry for many years and several of his valuable pure bred stock were not registered. Borden was a strong advocate of the use of Arabian blood by the United States Cavalry. His most well known stock that has bred on in today's bloodlines are the mares, Shabaka #237, Rose of Sharon #246, Butheyna #251, and most importantly Ghazala #211. The most well known sires were Imamzada #210 and Rodan #258.
General Ulysses S. Grant of course is well known for his service to our country during the civil war. He also was the first importer of registered Arabian horses as well as the first foal registered and born on American soil! His famous portrait on his beautiful white Arabian can be found in most of our history books and he was the 18 th president of the United States. In 1879 Grant imported the stallions Leopard #233 and Linden Tree #234. They were both gifts from the Sultan of Turkey. Linden Tree did not sire purebred offspring but the blood of Leopard is still found in today's pedigrees over 123 years later!
W.R. Brown was a famous leading figure in the field of forestry and it's related lumber industry. His respected book, "Our Forest Heritage", was published posthumously in 1958. He was one of the first to institute a safety program for workers in the lumber industry and raised the pay standards and living conditions in the lumber camps. He introduced early mechanization to the lumber industry, including steam log haulers, internal combustion motor driven log haulers, a system of rail track for transporting the logs to the mills, and was one of the first to recognize the necessity for replacement propagation in the areas that were lumbered. At one time the Brown Company owned more than 3 million acres of woodlands in New England and Canada and about 40 logging camp operations. Brown purchased several of his breeding horses from Homer Davenport and Spencer Borden to establish his "Maynesboro Stud". In 1918 he purchased and imported a large number of Arabians from Crabbet Park, England. Brown was elected the first president of the Arabian Horse Club of America and did much to improve the original stud book of 1918 including for the first time a breed standard for the Arabian horse. Brown was one of the organizers and promoters of some of the first endurance and weight carrying tests over long distances to prove the value of the Arabian's use by the United States Cavalry. His most well known Arabian sires were Abu Zeyd #82 (purchased from Davenport), Gulastra #521, and Rabiyas#1236 who was sold to the Republic of South Africa in 1954 and left many descendants there. At one time Maynesboro was the largest Arabian Farm in the U.S. and had a tremendous impact on Arabian breeding.